Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the bite of a tick. Normally the first of the Lyme disease symptoms to appear is a red bulls-eye rash at the location of the bite. The bite is normally painless and the rash doesnt appear until one or two week after the bite occurred. After this initial rash it may spread or appear in other areas. This is one the famous Lyme disease symptoms but it does not always necessarily look like a bulls-eye. In some cases if the bite was very small or in a discreet place it can go unnoticed. Other early Lyme disease symptoms are often flu like and include fatigue, achy body, fever, chills, a stiff neck and headaches. There is a test that can be done but it often comes back with erroneous results. Instead a doctor will often make a diagnosis based on the rash and other Lyme disease symptoms. If the Lyme disease symptoms are noticed and treated promptly, it will go away quite easily. Having the infection once doesnt make you immune and it is possible to become infected again if another tick bites you. It is important that the symptoms of Lyme disease are accurately diagnosed as quickly as possible because as it develops, the symptoms become more debilitating. However this is often easier said than done, with many of the Lyme disease symptoms being similar to symptoms of other diseases.
Chronic Lyme disease can appear similar and be confused with over 350 different diseases. The chronic Lyme disease symptoms mimic such diseases as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and Parkinsons disease. In some cases, people can spend years of their lives being treated for the working illness, while Lymes disease continues to progress.
No two patients ever experience identical chronic Lyme disease symptoms, another factor which makes it harder to diagnose. The Lyme spirochetes enter the body at the site of the bite and can ultimately make their way anywhere in the body via the blood and lymph system. This basically means that they could cause problems anywhere in the body.
Many of the Lyme disease symptoms seem to affect the brain and central nervous system in the form of migraines, brain fog, confusion, difficulty chewing and swallowing, mood swings, sore throat, muscle twitches, numbness and shooting pains. However symptoms can also affect the muscles, joints and bones causing them to ache, cramp up or stiffen up. Circulation can be affected by making the heartbeat too fast or too slow and inflammation of the heart or arteries can lead to chest pain. Additionally breathing difficulties can occur in the form of conditions like sinusitis. Rashes, itching and crawling sensation can affect the skin of the sufferer. The eyes have been known to show Lyme disease symptoms also, including blurred or double vision, dry eyes and sensitivity. The digestive track is sometimes affected resulting in nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, constipation, loss of appetite and liver abnormalities. Inflammation of the bladder, pelvic pain, testicular pain and loss if sexual desire are all further Lyme disease symptoms.