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Tag Archives: viral

South Korea reports 1st possible case of viral pneumonia

South Korea has put a 36-year-old Chinese woman under isolated treatment amid concerns that she brought back a form of viral pneumonia that has sickened dozens in mainland China and Hong Kong in recent weeks. The Korea Centers of Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday that the woman, who was …

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China rules out SARS in mystery viral pneumonia outbreak

A black and white X-ray picture showing a triangular white area on the left side. A circle highlights the area. Credit: James Heilman, MD./Wikipedia China on Sunday said a mysterious viral pneumonia outbreak that has affected 59 people was not the flu-like virus SARS that killed hundreds more than a …

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China confirms more cases of mystery viral pneumonia

Credit: CC0 Public Domain China on Friday confirmed more cases of a mystery viral pneumonia that has sparked fears about a resurgence of SARS, the flu-like virus that killed hundreds of people more than a decade ago. The 44 cases, up from the initial 27 announced Tuesday, include 11 “severe …

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Targeting cholesterol metabolism in macrophages to eliminate viral infection

Space-filling model of the Cholesterol molecule. Credit: RedAndr/Wikipedia Recent evidence suggests a link between cholesterol metabolism and innate immunity. Upon viral infection, macrophages show reduced cholesterol synthesis accompanied by enhanced expression of antiviral genes, including type I interferon (IFN-I). IFN-I can induce 25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) accumulation, which blocks viral entry. However, …

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New treatment for viral arthritis reveals impressive results in Phase 2 human clinical trial

Griffith University’s Institute for Glycomics and Melbourne-based company Paradigm Biopharmaceuticals Limited (ASX: PAR) have reported impressive results from their Phase 2A clinical trials of a new drug candidate to treat viral arthritis (joint pain/stiffness) caused by mosquito-borne alphavirus infections, including the debilitating Ross River virus (RRV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV). …

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Unexpected viral behavior linked to type 1 diabetes in high-risk children

The enterovirus Coxsackievirus B3. Credit: Electron microscopy image of Coxsackievirus B3 courtesy of Varpu Marjomäki Laboratory, University of Jyväskylä, and Minna Hankaniemi, Tampere University, Finland New results from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study show an association between prolonged enterovirus infection and the development of autoimmunity …

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Creating viral targets can weaken HIV vaccination

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Vaccination against HIV can backfire if the vaccine induces the wrong kind of immune response. Scientists at Emory University’s Yerkes National Primate Research Center have evidence—gleaned from several nonhuman primate studies conducted with HIV’s relative, SIV—that creating too many soft targets can weaken vaccination that would …

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Acute respiratory viral illness surveillance possible in long-term care

(HealthDay)—Active acute respiratory illness surveillance can be implemented among patients and staff in an adult long-term care facility, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. Caroline A. O’Neil, M.P.H., from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and colleagues conducted active …

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Data suggest viral etiology for pediatric acute flaccid myelitis

(HealthDay)—Surveillance data for acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) suggests a viral etiology, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in Pediatrics. Tracy Ayers, Ph.D., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues characterized the disease burden of AFM and explored potential etiologies and epidemiologic associations …

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