Research

Research shows ozone as a potential disinfectant agent in public transport

Research shows ozone as a potential disinfectant agent in public transport

The Hydrens team of researchers developed a numerical model that estimates the ozone concentration needed to meet the disinfection criteria. To do this, it takes into account the geometry and volume of the space to be treated, the type of materials inside it and their capacity to absorb ozone, and the characteristics of the impulsion-distribution …

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Research demonstrates a clear link between nicotine withdrawal and poor eating habits

Research demonstrates a clear link between nicotine withdrawal and poor eating habits

New data collected by University of Minnesota Medical School researchers demonstrate a clear connection between nicotine withdrawal and poor eating habits. Their findings point to the opioid system, the brain functions responsible for addiction and appetite regulation, as a possible cause for smoker preference of energy-dense, high-calorie food during nicotine withdrawal. This can lead to …

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Research reveals how a year of change affected Californians' health

Research reveals how a year of change affected Californians’ health

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Although more Californians than ever had health insurance in 2020, disparities in access to health care among the state’s racial and ethnic groups was magnified during a year of unprecedented challenges and changes. Those are among the key findings of the latest California Health Interview Survey, which is conducted by the …

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BUSM assistant professor awarded $2.1 million for peripheral artery disease research

BUSM assistant professor awarded $2.1 million for peripheral artery disease research

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major cause of limb loss. It is estimated that PAD affects between 8.5 and 12 million Americans, with a prevalence that has increased by about 25 percent over the preceding decade. Vijaya B. Kolachalama, PhD, FAHA, assistant professor of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), and his …

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Little research available on the long-term effects of tear gas

Little research available on the long-term effects of tear gas

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain University of Minnesota Medical School graduate students analyzed and summarized literature on the health effects of chemical demonstration control agents, such as tear gas, including the studies which informed existing exposure guidelines. Their study shows that, despite frequent use around the world, there have been few studies that look into the …

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Study highlights the usefulness of organoids for basic research into coronaviruses

Study highlights the usefulness of organoids for basic research into coronaviruses

Researchers from the group of Hans Clevers in collaboration with the group of Bart Haagmans (Erasmus MC) established an organoid biobank to search for the genes that are essential for the spreading of a SARS-CoV2 infection. Their study was published in Nature Communications on 17 September and highlights the usefulness of organoids for basic research …

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R37 MERIT Award supports innovative ovarian cancer research

R37 MERIT Award supports innovative ovarian cancer research

One of the most impactful advancements during the past decade in treating ovarian cancer is the use of PARP inhibitors (short for poly adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase). PARP inhibitors are a type of cancer drug that blocks the PARP enzyme from helping to repair DNA damage in cancer cells. PARP inhibitors are an important ovarian cancer …

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Research reveals a possible new treatment approach for pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma

Research reveals a possible new treatment approach for pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma

Scientists at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital have revealed how the tumor suppressor gene PTEN plays a more important role in pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma than was previously appreciated. The research highlights a possible new treatment approach.The study appears today in Nature Communications. In this study, researchers showed that decreased expression of PTEN makes tumors more aggressive. …

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Moderna Covid vaccine edges Pfizer in new US research

Moderna Covid vaccine edges Pfizer in new US research

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain A new study released by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Friday is the latest to suggest the Moderna Covid vaccine confers better long-term protection against hospitalization than Pfizer. CDC researchers conducted an analysis of nearly 3,689 adults who were hospitalized with severe Covid from March 11 …

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Research finds witnessing abuse of sibling can lead to mental health issues

Research finds witnessing abuse of sibling can lead to mental health issues

Credit: CC0 Public Domain A national study from the University of New Hampshire shows children who witness the abuse of a brother or sister by a parent can be just as traumatized as those witnessing violence by a parent against another parent. Such exposure is associated with mental health issues like depression, anxiety and anger. …

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