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Tag Archives: preemies

Moderate-to-late preemies likely go home at 36 weeks

Moderate-to-late preterm babies (born at a gestational age of 32 to 36 weeks) with no significant medical problems on admission are likely to be discharged at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Perinatology. Alanna Higgins Joyce, M.D., M.P.H., of the …

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High-dose erythropoietin no benefit for extreme preemies

(HealthDay)—For extremely preterm infants, high-dose erythropoietin treatment from 24 hours after birth does not result in a reduced risk for severe neurodevelopmental impairment or death at age 2 years, according to a study published in the Jan. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Sandra E. Juul, M.D., …

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A new method for helping preemies to breathe

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Getting premature babies to breathe without assistance has always been a stressful mission for doctors. But by carefully ventilating babies with 100% oxygen researchers have found a way to jump-start these first independent moments. Spontaneous breathing at birth is critical so that doctors can avoid using …

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Maternal antibiotic treatment may harm preemies’ lungs

Credit: CC0 Public Domain New research in mice suggests that exposure to antibiotics before birth may impair lung development in premature infants. The study, the first to explore the gut-lung axis in prematurity, is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology and was …

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Preemies who develop chronic lung disease had more stem cells at birth

Credit: CC0 Public Domain In the first large-scale clinical study to characterize stem cells from the umbilical cord blood and tissues of premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia—a severe, chronic lung disease—researchers found that these babies had more stem cells at birth. They also found that a growth factor (G-CSF), which …

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Outcomes poorer for extreme preemies transferred after birth

(HealthDay)—Birth in a nontertiary hospital and transfer within 48 hours is associated with poorer outcomes compared with birth in a tertiary hospital for extremely preterm infants, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in The BMJ. Kjell Helenius, M.D., from Turku University Hospital in Finland, and colleagues conducted an …

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Use of antibiotics in preemies has lasting, potentially harmful effects

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Nearly all premature babies receive antibiotics in their first weeks of life to ward off or treat potentially deadly bacterial infections. Such drugs are lifesavers, but they also cause long-lasting collateral damage to the developing microbial communities in the babies’ intestinal tracts, according to research from …

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Stable home lives improve prospects for preemies

Cynthia E. Rogers, MD, an associate professor of child psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, visits 4-day-old Abel Stanart in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) at St. Louis Children’s Hospital. Rogers’ team has found that as premature babies grow, their mental health may be related …

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Racial, ethnic disparities in care for preemies have narrowed

(HealthDay)—The disparity gap for care practices and certain outcomes between minority and white infants born at 22 to 29 gestational weeks narrowed from 2006 to 2017, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Pediatrics. Nansi S. Boghossian, Ph.D., from the University of South Carolina in Columbia, and colleagues …

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