infections

AI predicts how patients with viral infections, including COVID-19, will fare

AI predicts how patients with viral infections, including COVID-19, will fare

Specialized lung cells (resembling a beaded necklace) that may mount a cytokine storm in response to some viral infections. Credit: UC San Diego Health Sciences Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine used an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm to sift through terabytes of gene expression data—which genes are “on” or “off” during …

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'Breakthrough' COVID infections may be common in vaccinated transplant patients

‘Breakthrough’ COVID infections may be common in vaccinated transplant patients

New research suggests that many people who’ve undergone an organ transplant do not get an immune response from COVID-19 vaccines that’s strong enough to ward off a “breakthrough” infection. In a new review of 14 such cases, these breakthrough COVID-19 infections occurred in 10 recipients of new kidneys, two liver recipients, one lung recipient and …

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Bacteria causing urinary tract infections can originate in meat-production chain

Bacteria causing urinary tract infections can originate in meat-production chain

In young women, Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a main cause of urinary tract infections (UTI), reaching 20% prevalence. Understanding the epidemiology of this microorganism can help identify its origin, distribution, causes, and risk factors. Now, ITQB NOVA researchers led by Maria Miragaia showed evidence that Staphylococcus saprophyticus can originate in food, namely in the meat-production chain. …

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Microorganism originating in meat production can lead to urinary tract infections

Microorganism originating in meat production can lead to urinary tract infections

by Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier da Universidade NOVA de Lisboa ITQB NOVA ITQB NOVA researchers – Opeyemi U. Lawal and Maria Miragaia. Credit: ITQB NOVA In young women, Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a main cause of urinary tract infections (UTI), reaching 20% prevalence. Understanding the epidemiology of this microorganism can help identify …

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Study: Cross-reactive antibodies after SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination. Image Credit: ktsdesign / Shutterstock

Could COVID-19 vaccinations or prior infections protect against other coronaviruses?

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) – the causative pathogen of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) – is only one of the seven pathogenic coronaviruses (CoVs) to have emerged among humans over less than 20 years. The massive scale of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led to intensive research on the creation of pan-coronavirus …

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New drug for vaginal yeast infections approved by FDA

New drug for vaginal yeast infections approved by FDA

(HealthDay)—A new and expensive antifungal drug to treat vaginal yeast infections was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration this week, but critics say it is not needed. Brexafemme (ibrexafungerp) is a one-day oral treatment and the first of a new class of triterpenoid antifungal drugs. The drug kills candida, the yeast that causes …

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infection

COVID-19 protocols led to decrease in kids being hospitalized for infections

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Public health measures to limit the spread of COVID-19 led to a substantial decrease in children being hospitalized for infections last year, a new study has found and continuing these behaviors may help prevent severe respiratory conditions post-pandemic. The research led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and the Victorian …

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Rate of HIV infections in US fell by 73% from mid-1980s peak to 2019: study

Rate of HIV infections in US fell by 73% from mid-1980s peak to 2019: study

Credit: CC0 Public Domain New annual infections with HIV fell by 73 percent from its peak in the mid-1980s to 2019, according to a new analysis by US health authorities released Thursday. But the proportion of infected minority Black and Latino people has risen, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which …

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Scientists develop mathematical model to calculate the daily rate of COVID-19 infections

Scientists develop mathematical model to calculate the daily rate of COVID-19 infections

Credit: Asociacion RUVID According to their data, published in Scientific Reports, the number of people infected with COVID-19 on the day the state of alert was declared, 14 March 2020, was at least 35 times higher than the number of people registered. The number of new infections per day is one of the main parameters …

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Most kids' ear infections can be treated with antibiotics, study finds. But parents may opt for tubes.

Most kids’ ear infections can be treated with antibiotics, study finds. But parents may opt for tubes.

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain What is that on Ryan’s nose? Ringworm? The bumpy red rash didn’t seem to bother the 5-year-old, but his mother, Georgina Rupnarine, of Philadelphia, brought him to see an ear, nose and throat specialist. The doctor didn’t know what to make of the rash, but as part of his routine examination, …

Most kids’ ear infections can be treated with antibiotics, study finds. But parents may opt for tubes. Read More »