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Less active infants had greater fat accumulation, study finds

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Less physical activity for infants below one year of age may lead to more fat accumulation which in turn may predispose them to obesity later in life, suggests a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. In the study, published …

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Reduced inhaler use is safe for infants with bronchiolitis

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Bronchiolitis, a lung infection that is one of the most common reasons for hospitalizations in young children, is most prevalent during the winter months and is usually treated with albuterol delivered via inhalers, despite evidence showing no benefit in most patients. A multidisciplinary team of researchers …

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Inuit infants need access to medication to prevent respiratory illness

Healthy, full-term Inuit babies are not eligible for palivizumab even though they have four to 10 times the rate of hospital admission compared to “high-risk” infants. Credit: Philippe Put/flickr, CC BY-SA Inuit infants living in Arctic Canada have some of the highest rates of hospitalization and intensive care unit admission …

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Study paves way for new vaccines to protect infants against infections

Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new Penn Medicine study puts researchers within closer reach of vaccines that can protect infants against infections by overcoming a mother’s antibodies, which are known to shut down immune defenses initiated by conventional vaccines. That hurdle largely explains why vaccinations for infectious diseases like influenza …

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Does timing matter for initiating HIV therapy in infants?

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Starting HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) within hours of birth has been hypothesized to have positive effects raising the possibility of remission in some children with HIV. To test the hypothesis, researchers at Columbia Mailman School of Public Health and Columbia University Irving Medical Center designed a …

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Antiepileptic drug exposure low in breastfeeding infants

(HealthDay)—Among infants breastfed by mothers who are receiving drug therapy for epilepsy, antiepileptic drug (AED) concentrations in infant blood samples are substantially lower than those in maternal blood samples, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Neurology. Angela K. Birnbaum, Ph.D., from the University of Minnesota in …

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Probiotic may help treat colic in infants

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Probiotics—or “good bacteria”—have been used to treat infant colic with varying success. In a new trial published in the journal Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, investigators have shown that drops containing a particular probiotic strain (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12) reduced the duration of daily crying by …

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