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Higher white matter extracellular free-water related to cognitive dysfunction in lupus patients

Higher white matter extracellular free-water related to cognitive dysfunction in lupus patients

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues, causing widespread inflammation and damage in the affected organs. It can affect the joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys, and blood vessels. Asian SLE patients suffer from more severe disease and damage compared to patients in western countries. …

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Healthcare workers at higher risk of injury when assisting obese patients

Healthcare workers at higher risk of injury when assisting obese patients

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Western Australian healthcare workers face a growing risk of injury from treating increasing numbers of obese patients, according to Edith Cowan University (ECU) research. Studies from ECU’s School of Nursing and Midwifery reveal WA nurses, orderlies and other patient care professionals are among the most at risk for musculoskeletal injuries and …

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COVID-19 virus rapidly evolves to higher infectivity during in vitro growth, which may be a step toward lower virulence

COVID-19 virus rapidly evolves to higher infectivity during in vitro growth, which may be a step toward lower virulence

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Viruses accumulate mutations as they replicate in infected cells. Repeated replication can lead to viral strains that show attenuated virulence. Such strains may act as vaccines if the attenuated virus can produce immunity without serious disease. This approach is not new. Albert Sabin developed an attenuated poliovirus vaccine in the mid-20th …

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When Republicans control state legislatures, infant mortality is higher

When Republicans control state legislatures, infant mortality is higher

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Net of history, infant and postneonatal mortality rates are substantively higher under Republican-controlled state legislatures than under non-Republican–controlled ones, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Findings suggest that effects may be greater for Black infants than for White infants. “These findings support the politics hypothesis …

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Prostate cancer risk 24% higher among 9/11 rescue/recovery workers after World Trade Center attacks

Prostate cancer risk 24% higher among 9/11 rescue/recovery workers after World Trade Center attacks

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain The risk of prostate cancer was 24% higher among 9/11 rescue and recovery workers after the attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001, with the highest risk among the earliest responders, finds research published online in the journal Occupational & Environmental Medicine. The findings indicate a shorter latency period from …

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Exposure to traffic noise linked to higher dementia risk

Exposure to traffic noise linked to higher dementia risk

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Exposure to noise from traffic on roads and railways over a long period is associated with a higher risk of developing dementia, especially Alzheimer’s disease, suggests a study from Denmark published in The BMJ today. The researchers estimate that as many as 1,216 out of the 8,475 cases of dementia registered …

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Higher hospitalization seen in older patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria

Higher hospitalization seen in older patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria

Credit: CC0 Public Domain We are all exposed to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), which are widely found in the environment, including the soil and water. They can even reside in our homes, for example in faucets and showerheads. But most of us don’t get sick, because our lungs are healthy and our immune systems strong. The …

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New COVID cases were 300% higher this Labor Day weekend than last year

New COVID cases were 300% higher this Labor Day weekend than last year

(HealthDay)—With the Delta variant surging and many Americans mask- and vaccine-free, new cases of COVID-19 spiked to levels over the long Labor Day weekend that were 300% higher than those seen over the same weekend in 2020, according to a new tally from Johns Hopkins University. That means packed hospitals and rising numbers of infected …

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Rescue and recovery workers and volunteers who arrived early at the WTC site face higher risk of developing COPD

Rescue and recovery workers and volunteers who arrived early at the WTC site face higher risk of developing COPD

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Twenty years on from the September 11 attacks, rescue and recovery workers and volunteers who attended the World Trade Center site are beginning to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often following a previous diagnosis of asthma, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. The study of …

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Sepsis during pregnancy linked to higher odds of complications surrounding childbirth

Sepsis during pregnancy linked to higher odds of complications surrounding childbirth

Individuals who are hospitalized during pregnancy due to sepsis have higher odds of complications surrounding childbirth, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco. The study found that pregnancies complicated by sepsis were associated with an increased risk of cesarean delivery, postpartum hemorrhage and preterm delivery, highlighting the risk of any severe …

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