early

Super-resolution imaging technique could enable early detection of neurological disorders

Super-resolution imaging technique could enable early detection of neurological disorders

A new imaging technique has the potential to detect neurological disorders–such as Alzheimer’s disease–at their earliest stages, enabling physicians to diagnose and treat patients more quickly. Termed super-resolution, the imaging methodology combines position emission tomography (PET) with an external motion tracking device to create highly detailed images of the brain. This research was presented at …

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Early warning system for COVID-19 gets faster through wastewater detection and tracing

Early warning system for COVID-19 gets faster through wastewater detection and tracing

Prof. Oded Berman is a Professor of Operations Management and Statistics at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management. He was the inaugural holder of the Sidney C. Cooper Chair in Business and Technology and a former Associate Dean of Programs at the Rotman School. His main research interests include operations management in the …

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Smoking in early puberty in boys may affect the health of future generations, study shows

Smoking in early puberty in boys may affect the health of future generations, study shows

Smoking in early puberty in boys may have negative consequences for their future generations of offspring, a study from the University of Bergen (UiB) shows. By continued analysis of data gathered in the large international RHINESSA, RHINE and ECRHS studies, researchers have found that the health of future generations depends on actions and decisions made …

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Study supports the need for improving early TB diagnosis and care in Irish prisons

Study supports the need for improving early TB diagnosis and care in Irish prisons

Jun 1 2021 Investigators from Trinity College Dublin, the Irish Mycobacteria Reference Laboratory, St James’s Hospital, and the Department of Public Health HSE East believe tuberculosis (TB) care in Irish Prisons should be supported, considering the findings of their study which is published today (Tuesday, 1st June, 2021) in the International Journal of Tuberculosis and …

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Early bird or night owl? Study links shift worker sleep to 'chronotype'

Early bird or night owl? Study links shift worker sleep to ‘chronotype’

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Getting enough sleep can be a real challenge for shift workers affecting their overall health. But what role does being an early bird or night owl play in getting good rest? Researchers from McGill University find a link between chronotype and amount of sleep shift workers can get with their irregular …

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Study: Early Covid-19 Treatment With SARS-CoV-2 Neutralizing Antibody Sotrovimab. Image Credit: NIAID

Using Sotrovimab to treat COVID-19 early

More than 170 million people have already been affected by the coronavirus pandemic known as Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The causative agent of COVID-19 is severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a highly infectious positive-stranded RNA virus. Scientists have found that this virus severely affects primarily older patients with comorbidities, including diabetes, chronic lung …

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copd

Is elevated level of lung protein an early predictor for COPD?

Micrograph showing emphysema (left – large empty spaces) and lung tissue with relative preservation of the alveoli (right). Credit: Wikipedia Airway mucus consists of various proteins such as long mucins MUC5AC and MUC5B, both of which contribute greatly to the proper gel-like consistency of this most essential bodily fluid. UNC School of Medicine researchers led …

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Low early neutralizing titers and elevated Fc afucosylation predict disease progression. (A) Longitudinal COVID-19 study timepoints, cohort characteristics and distribution of duration of symptoms in participants prior to enrolment. (B) The kinetics of neutralizing antibody response over time and half-maximal SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus neutralizing titers (pNT50) and SARS-CoV-2 full length spike (S) binding IgG (AUC) at each time point ((D0, enrollment,

Different early antibody responses define COVID-19 disease trajectory

Identifying markers that indicate severe COVID-19 disease trajectories could lead to early medical interventions and help reduce morbidity and mortality. In a new study posted to the bioRxiv* preprint server, a prospective cohort of patients with COVID-19 exhibited distinct features of the IgG fragment antigen-binding (Fab) and fragment crystallizable (Fc) domains, predicting two distinct disease …

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Early use of biologics recommended in patients with moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease

Early use of biologics recommended in patients with moderate-to-severe Crohn’s disease

Medical Management of Moderate to Severe Luminal and Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease. Credit: American Gastroenterological Association Crohn’s disease, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation (pain and swelling) in the gastrointestinal tract, can cause daily health problems, frequent hospitalizations and surgery when not adequately controlled. While there is no cure for Crohn’s …

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Study shows that telomeres shorten most rapidly during early childhood

Study shows that telomeres shorten most rapidly during early childhood

Telomeres are protective caps on DNA that shorten as we grow older. Now, one of the first studies to examine telomere length (TL) in childhood finds that the initial setting of TL during prenatal development and in the first years of life may determine one’s TL throughout childhood and potentially even into adulthood or older …

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