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Hundreds of novel viruses discovered in insects

In a current study, scientists discovered hundreds of new viruses in insects. Photo: Paraskevopoulou/Charité New viruses which cause diseases often come from animals. Well-known examples of this are the Zika virus transmitted by mosquitoes, bird flu viruses, as well as the MERS virus which is associated with camels. In order …

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New principle for activation of cancer genes discovered

Anita Göndör’s research group at the Department of Oncology-Pathology at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. Credit: Stefan Zimmerman. Researchers have long known that some genes can cause cancer when overactive, but exactly what happens inside the cell nucleus when the cancer grows has so far remained enigmatic. Now, researchers at Karolinska …

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Gene that causes atrial fibrillation discovered

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Genetic studies spanning three generations of a Persian Jewish family by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) have identified a gene that causes nighttime atrial fibrillation (AFib). “AFib is a type of arrhythmia or abnormal/irregular heart rhythm,” says Prof. Amos Katz, cardiologist and dean …

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Drugs for better long-term treatment of poorly controlled asthma discovered

High-resolution fluorescent confocal images showing human airway smooth cells exposed to three different drugs over 15 hours: The drug diphenhydramine (DPD), bottom row, retains more TAS2R14 bitter taste receptors (red) on the cell surface, undergoing less degradation than the receptors interacting with the drugs chlorhexidine (CLX) and flufenamic (FFA). The …

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Highly virulent listeriosis pathogen discovered

The bacterium Listeria monocytogenes can cause life-threatening infections; Contaminated food is a frequent source of infection. Credit: S. Doijad, L. La Pietra The bacterium Listeria monocytogenes can cause listeriosis, a life-threatening infection in animals and humans. Contaminated food is a frequent source of infection. Elderly people, people with a weakened …

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The Zika virus discovered on the African continent

Credit: University of Oxford Researchers from the University of Oxford teamed up with the Angolan Ministry of Health to study the introduction and circulation of the Asian genotype of Zika virus in Angola, southwestern Africa. The Asian genotype caused the 2015-16 epidemic of microcephaly and other birth defects in the …

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