Tag Archives: cancer

How the immune system becomes blind to cancer cells

How the immune system becomes blind to cancer cells 1

Cancer cells become invisible to the body’s immune response. Unhindered by T cells (green), they can continue to replicate. Scientists have now described an important step in this process called “immune escape”. Credit: CIBSS/University of Freiburg, Michal Roessler T cells play a huge role in our immune system’s fight against …

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    Cervical cancer could be eliminated within a century

    Cervical cancer could be eliminated within a century 3

    Credit: CC0 Public Domain Cervical cancer could be eliminated worldwide as a public health issue within the next century. This is the conclusion of two studies published today in The Lancet by an international consortium of researchers co-directed by Professor Marc Brisson from Université Laval’s Faculty of Medicine and the …

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      Less chemotherapy may have more benefit in rectal cancer

      Less chemotherapy may have more benefit in rectal cancer 5

      Christopher Lieu, MD. Credit: CU Anschutz Medical Campus Chemotherapy used to shrink a tumor before surgery, called neoadjuvant chemotherapy, is becoming more common in many cancers, including stage II and III rectal cancer. However, the chemotherapy regimens FOLFOX and CapeOx used in this setting come with significant side effects, to …

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        Poliovirus therapy shows potential as cancer vaccine in lab studies

        Poliovirus therapy shows potential as cancer vaccine in lab studies 6

        Matthias Gromeier, M.D., developed the poliovirus-based therapy that appears in laboratory studies to also have applicability for pediatric brain tumors when used as part of a cancer vaccine. Credit: Shawn Rocco, Duke Health A modified form of poliovirus, pioneered at Duke Cancer Institute as a therapy for glioblastoma brain tumors, …

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          UCLA researchers find chronic inflammation contributes to cancer metastasis

          UCLA researchers find chronic inflammation contributes to cancer metastasis 7

          UCLA cancer researcher Rui Li The study reveals a detailed epigenetic mechanism for how interleukin-1-beta, a common cytokine that helps fight infections during inflammation, plays a critical role in cancer metastasis. The researchers found that chronic exposure to interleukin-1-beta can promote lung cancer metastasis through inheritable changes of gene expression …

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            Cancer chromosomes give the game away

            Cancer chromosomes give the game away 8

            Credit: Queensland University of Technology Dr. Pascal Duijf from QUT’s School of Biomedical Sciences and IHBI (Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation) said the study, published in Nature Communications today, analysed chromosome arm abnormalities in more than 23,000 human tumours and 1000 cancer cell lines. “Our analyses provided hitherto unknown …

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              Does lung damage speed pancreatic cancer?

              Does lung damage speed pancreatic cancer? 10

              Axial CT image with i.v. contrast. Macrocystic adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head. Credit: public domain Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD is associated with higher rates of many cancers, including lung, esophagus, colon, bladder and breast cancer. Often a result of many years of smoking, the disease makes it hard …

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