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Liver fibrosis ‘off switch’ discovered in mice

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Chronic alcohol abuse and hepatitis can injure the liver, often leading to a buildup of collagen and scar tissue. Understanding this process, known as liver fibrosis, could help researchers develop new ways to prevent or treat conditions such as alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and …

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A Zika vaccine could save suffering and costs

Zika virus particles (red) shown in African green monkey kidney cells. Credit: NIAID Global climate change has raised concerns that mosquito-borne diseases could become increasingly prevalent in the United States as warmer temperatures lead to increased mosquito activity. The 2015-2016 Zika outbreak, which impacted much of the Americas, prompted efforts …

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US investigating second suspected case of Chinese virus

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Authorities in Texas are investigating a second suspected case on US soil of a new and deadly Chinese virus, officials said Thursday. Brazos County, northwest of Houston, “is investigating a suspected case of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV),” officials wrote in a statement on Facebook. “The …

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Wuhan residents react to quarantine

Wuhan residents called for help and shared worries of food shortages Thursday, with streets in the virus-hit central Chinese city left deserted after it was put on lockdown. Planes and trains out of the city—the epicentre of a new SARS-like virus—were cancelled, with public transport suspended and residents ordered not …

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What we know and don’t know about the new coronavirus

Credit: Wikimedia Commons A new coronavirus not previously detected in humans has rippled through parts of China, spreading to more than 440 people since first appearing in the central Chinese city of Wuhan in late December. Coronaviruses are a large class of viruses ranging in severity from the common cold …

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Stopping cholera and saving lives

“We are making progress in many countries, and I think we can reduce cholera deaths,” said Daniele Lantagne. Credit: Ingimage Daniele Lantagne is dedicated to combating infectious diseases, such as diarrhea, cholera, and Ebola. At the School of Engineering’s Environmental Sustainability Lab, her approach encompasses laboratory, field, and policy implementation-based …

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Should we be worried about the new Wuhan coronavirus?

Credit: CC0 Public Domain The World Health Organisation has postponed its decision about whether to classify the new Wuhan coronavirus as a global health emergency. It wants to gather more information and will meet again at midday on Thursday in Geneva (late Thursday night, Australian time). In the meantime, China …

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More autonomy at work reduces the risk of low back pain

Credit: CC0 Public Domain A team of psychologists from Technische Universität Dresden, in cooperation with experts from health sciences and the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, has carried out a meta-analysis to identify psychosocial work factors that pose a risk for the development of chronic low back pain …

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