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Respiratory syncytial virus transmission in the Middle East

Transmission electron micrograph of RSV. Credit: CDC/ Dr. Erskine Palmer / Public Domain Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a primary cause of lower respiratory tract infections among young children worldwide, and leads to 60,000 deaths globally each year. A vaccine does not yet exist, although several candidates are in …

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Don’t routinely check that box

A new guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care recommends against routine screening for thyroid dysfunction in nonpregnant adults without symptoms or risk factors. This guideline, which is based on a rigorous systematic review of the latest evidence, is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). Routine …

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Samoa shuts schools, declares emergency as measles kills 6

In this November 2019, image from video, a child gets vaccinated at a health clinic in Apia, Samoa. Samoa closed all its schools on Monday, Nov.18, 2019, banned children from public gatherings and mandated that everybody get vaccinated after declaring an emergency due to a measles outbreak. For the past …

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China diagnoses 3rd case of bubonic plague

China says a 55-year-old man has been diagnosed with bubonic plague after killing and eating a wild rabbit, adding to two plague cases already discovered in the capital Beijing. A statement from the health authority in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region north of Beijing said that as of Saturday the …

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Clearing damaged cells out of the body helps heal diabetics’ blood vessels

Research published today in Experimental Physiology shows that ramping up one of the body’s waste disposal system, called autophagy, helps heal the blood vessels of diabetics. Complications with blood vessels (known as vascular complications) are major risk factors for morbidity and mortality in the diabetic patients. These complications are divided …

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Study provides insights into how fibrosis progresses in the human lung

Lung tissue. Credit: Rutgers University A Yale-led collaborative study boosts scientific understanding of how the lung disease idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progresses, providing a roadmap for researchers to discover new treatment targets for the disease. The study, led by Naftali Kaminski, M.D., the Boehringer-Ingelheim Endowed Professor of Internal Medicine and …

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Pakistan becomes first country to launch new typhoid vaccine

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Pakistan has become the first country in the world to introduce a new typhoid vaccine, officials said Friday, as the country grapples with an ongoing outbreak of a drug-resistant strain of the potentially fatal disease. The vaccine, approved by the World Health Organization (WHO), will be …

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Too few medicare beneficiaries with diabetes getting eye exams

(HealthDay)—Nationwide, about half of Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries with diabetes had eye exams in 2017, according to research published in the Nov. 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Noting that annual dilated eye exams are recommended for persons with diabetes, Elizabeth …

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Childhood episode of pancreatitis may up risk for diabetes later

(HealthDay)—A history of a clinically resolved, single event of acute pancreatitis in childhood is associated with an increased risk for diabetes during young adulthood, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in Diabetes Care. Cole D. Bendor, from Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and colleagues used data from 1,802,110 Israeli …

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About 2.7 million ED visits reported for sports injuries in 2010 to 2016

(HealthDay)—About 2.7 million emergency department visits for sports injuries occurred during 2010 to 2016, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pinyao Rui, M.P.H., from the National Center for Health Statistics in …

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